Chapter 2: Strengthening US Arctic policy through US–Russia maritime cooperation
Historically, the Arctic region has been a stable environment for the eight nations that occupy it. Changes in climatic conditions have gradually provided access to significant quantities of unexploited hydrocarbons, vast mineral deposits, and fishing stocks. As demand for these resources strengthens, international navies and coast guards, particularly those of Russia and the United States, may be required to deter potential aggression and respond to crises in the region. The Obama Administration’s 2012 decision to expand offshore oil and gas exploration off Alaska is a key reason to strengthen US Arctic policy through US–Russia maritime cooperation.
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