Table of Contents

Handbook of the Politics of the Arctic

Handbook of the Politics of the Arctic

Edited by Leif Christian Jensen and Geir Hønneland

The Arctic has again become one of the leading issues on the international foreign policy agenda, in a manner unseen since the Cold War. Drawing on the perspectives of geo-politics and international law, this Handbook offers fresh insights and perspectives on the most pressing issues, grouped under the headings of political ascendancy, climate and environmental issues, resources and energy, and the response and policies of affected countries.

Chapter 2: Strengthening US Arctic policy through US–Russia maritime cooperation

Walter A. Berbrick

Subjects: environment, environmental law, environmental politics and policy, law - academic, environmental law, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, international politics

Extract

Historically, the Arctic region has been a stable environment for the eight nations that occupy it. Changes in climatic conditions have gradually provided access to significant quantities of unexploited hydrocarbons, vast mineral deposits, and fishing stocks. As demand for these resources strengthens, international navies and coast guards, particularly those of Russia and the United States, may be required to deter potential aggression and respond to crises in the region. The Obama Administration’s 2012 decision to expand offshore oil and gas exploration off Alaska is a key reason to strengthen US Arctic policy through US–Russia maritime cooperation.

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