Chapter 5: Impartiality and the Need for a Public Ethics of Care
Helena Olofsdotter Stensöta The theory that quality of government above all depends on impartiality, is an argument valid throughout the entirety of government, including welfare state policy areas such as education, healthcare, the environment, and law enforcement (Rothstein 2011). Quality of government theory resembles rule of law theory but with one important difference: the inclusion of the welfare state branches of government in its scope. Hence, this is exactly where the two theories divert. Thus, it is theoretically central to demonstrate precisely how welfare state-related areas are improved by applying impartiality as a principle and tool. This is an ambitious and difficult task as previous research into implementation has convincingly demonstrated that bureaucratic tools of government do not handle all problems in welfare state-related areas equally well (Pressman and Wildavsky 1984; Wilson 1989; Meyers and Vorsanger 2003). Hence, for the theory of quality of government as impartiality to hold, it is necessary to specify more precisely how quality of government can be created in the various welfare state policy areas. The matter of quality government in welfare state-related areas is also crucial from a more everyday political viewpoint. Welfare state areas constitute a large part of modern states, in terms of both number of assignments and proportion of budget (Huber and Stephens 2001). Moreover, citizen trust in the state above all seems to be affected by how citizens perceive output and interaction with the state in welfare areas, as contact between public employees and citizens is most frequent here...
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