Handbooks of Research Methods and Applications series
Edited by Alan Carsrud and Malin Brännback
Chapter 1: Research in entrepreneurship: an introduction to the research challenges for the twenty-first century
Entrepreneurship as a field of research and small business has grown exponentially for more than half a century. One of the field's leading journals Journal of Small Business Management, is now into its 51st volume. The field has moved from barely a handful of journals 30 years ago (Journal of Small Business Management, American Journal of Small Business - now Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice and Entrepreneurship & Regional Development) to over 100 in the English language alone. More importantly, articles on entrepreneurship increasingly appear in the major journals of the Academy of Management (Academy of Management Journal and Academy of Management Review) and in other disciplines that a mere ten years ago would have never published a paper on small business or new ventures (consider the creation of Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal by the Strategic Management Society). One has only to consider the complex survey methodologies of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project or the Panel Studies on Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) to appreciate how far the field has spread in the last two decades. This complexity requires researchers to be fluent in a wide range of methodologies even if they prefer one approach to another. There are many books and primers on research methodology (Gartner et al., 2004). Likewise there are workshops and articles on how to use the data from the GEM and PSED studies.