Conservation, Biodiversity and International Law

Conservation, Biodiversity and International Law

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Alexander Gillespie

This important and timely book provides a rigorous overview of the defining issues presently facing conservation at international level. The author provides detailed coverage of topics ranging from the classification of species right through to access and benefit sharing, drawing on his personal experience at intergovernmental level. Each question is examined through the prism of dozens of treaties and hundreds of decisions and resolutions of the key multilateral regimes, and the law in each area is supplemented by the necessary considerations of science, politics and philosophy – providing much-needed context for the reader.

Chapter 19: Conclusion

Alexander Gillespie

Subjects: environment, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law, public international law

Extract

INTRODUCTION The international community has awoken to the concern that much of the world’s biodiversity is under threat. In a relatively sudden display of concern, a series of goals and targets have been unveiled in an attempt to stop a problem which has been hundreds, if not thousands, of years in the making. Nevertheless, at its 83rd plenary meeting in 2007, the General Assembly of the United Nations declared 2010 would be the International Year of Biodiversity. The year 2010 was also the year that the vast majority of nations on the planet pledged to significantly reduce the current loss of biodiversity. Having failed in meeting this target, they reset the year for the goal to be achieved to 2020. At the global level, the mechanism by which this goal is to be achieved is international law and, in particular, what I call international conservation law. International conservation law is made up over 100 treaties or similar agreements with conservation-based objectives, and the thousands of resolutions that they have generated over the last decades. This corpus of knowledge has been divided into four parts for the purpose of this book. The first part looked at the way species and areas are classified and identified. The second part examined the values of species and areas, as seen from the perspective of international conservation law. The major threats to all species and protected areas, and how these are being dealt with by international conservation was the third part of this book. The...

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