Chapter 1: Cameralism as an Intermediary between Mediterranean Scholastic Economic Thought and Classical Economics
Bertram Schefold1 1.1 INTRODUCTION: TRANSFER OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT This chapter traces how ideas on money and taxation made their way from the School of Salamanca in Catholic Spain to the world of the Cameralists in Germany, many of whom were Protestants. I here follow persons and ideas, rather than discussing the wider context (a different task). Cultural differences prompt many questions regarding the transference of economic insights in space and time, and consequent shifts of meaning. As a modest preparation for a larger study, I shall summarize the views on money and usury and on indirect taxation of three of the most famous representatives of the School of Salamanca: Azpilcueta, Molina and Lessius. These represent three successive generations; I shall consider their reception by Kaspar Klock (see Schefold, 2009), one of the most eminent representatives of early German Protestant Cameralism at the time of the Thirty Years War. Klock’s work contains a vast, ordered collection of economic facts and ideas from all over the world, and for over a century his many readers were like the visitors to a museum who come in great numbers to admire an exquisite selection of rare artefacts, until his style was thought outmoded. I may extend the study of his contribution to the transfer of ideas to other authors at a later stage, and also plan to investigate the extent to which central European economic thought in the mercantilist and Cameralist period was influential for the development of classical political economy in Great Britain....
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