Edited by Inge Govaere, Reinhard Quick and Marco Bronckers
Chapter 4: From Reluctant Participant to Key Player: EU and the Negotiation of the GATS
* Juan A. Marchetti and Petros C. Mavroidis The EU did not enthusiastically endorse the requests for a new trade round in the 1980s. Having decided that it did not want to dismantle its controversial Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), it feared that aggressive attitude in other areas would provoke requests to do so. Its original position underwent substantive change following pressure by, inter alia, its services lobby and the awareness of gains in various other ﬁelds of economic activity. It emerged as one of the key players in drafting the GATS and can legitimately claim property rights for many a GATS institution. 4.1 THE GATS: NO INSTANT HIT The thesis that we advance could be summarized as follows: + The services negotiation and the GATS architecture are very much the product of those Uruguay Round participants that had elaborate (or relatively speaking, the most elaborate) domestic regulations for * We had to turn for help to a number of people when preparing this study. It is no exaggeration to state that our work would be highly incomplete (as it probably still is) without their help: Eyal Benvenisti, Americo Beviglia-Zampetti, Tomer Broude, Theofanis Christoforou, John Croome, Panayotis Delimatsis, Bart De Meester, Dorothy Dwoskin, Murray Gibbs, David Hartridge, Rob Howse, Doug Irwin, Felipe Jaramillo, Mario Kakabadse, Abdel-Hamid Mamdouh, Aaditya Mattoo, Andre Sapir, David Palmeter, Federico Ortino, John Richardson, Gary Sampson, Jonathan Scheele, Dick Self, Harsha Singh, Vassilis Tzevelekos, Jorge Vigano, David Walker, Bruce Wilson, and Rufus Yerxa shared their experience with us, and graciously...
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