Chapter 2: The Food Retail and Hospitality Industry in the UK: A Research Approach
The empirical focus of this study is the management of food safety and food hygiene risks in the food retail and hospitality sectors in the UK. These are key parts of the UK food chain which in turn are part of a global industry which the UK is part of as an exporter and importer of food. This chapter considers the economic and employment characteristics of these sectors at the time data for this study were collected, that is, 2003–06. The latter part of the chapter outlines the research approach adopted to collect the empirical data used in this book, data which will be used to feed back into the literatures and debates raised in Chapter 1. THE FOOD RETAIL AND HOSPITALITY SECTORS IN THE UK A variety of businesses comprise the UK retail and hospitality sectors.1 The food retail sector is generally taken to refer to: • • • • • • Grocers Butchers Fishmongers Greengrocers Delicatessens Supermarkets (including in-store bakeries). It also applies to businesses where food is only a part of what they do such as: • • • • Food shops at petrol stations Newsagents Convenience stores Online food retail. 23 24 Managing food safety and hygiene The food catering sector refers to: • Banqueting • Clubs • Contract and in-house catering (in the workplace, institutions, schools, healthcare establishments, prisons and so on) • Delivered catering and ‘Meals on wheels’ • Fish and chip restaurants • Food on the Move (trains, coaches, boats, aeroplanes) • Hotels and guest houses • Mobile snack vehicles and market stalls • Outdoor and event catering • Private party caterers...
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