Table of Contents

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Social Capital

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Social Capital

Handbooks of Research Methods and Applications series

Edited by Yaojun Li

Social capital is fundamentally concerned with resources in social relations. This Handbook brings together leading scholars from around the world to address important questions on the determinants, manifestations and consequences of social capital. Combining cutting-edge theory and appropriate data and methods, it presents a challenge to both social capital researchers interested in explaining social inequality and to policy-makers with responsibility for designing effective measures for enhancing social cohesion.

Chapter 18: Social capital, social cohesion and cognitive attainment

Jorge Rodríguez Menés and Luisa Donato

Subjects: business and management, research methods in business and management, development studies, development studies, research methods in development, politics and public policy, research methods in politics and public policy, research methods, research methods in business and management, research methods in development, research methods in economics, research methods in politics and public policy, research methods in social policy, social policy and sociology, research methods in social policy, sociology and sociological theory

Extract

The concept of social capital is as popular as difficult to define precisely. For example, Adler and Kwon (2002) defined social capital as ‘the good-will resulting from social relations’. This vagueness facilitates alternative operationalizations and measurements but can also generate misunderstandings (Portes, 2000). In this chapter, we review the concept’s many connotations, distinguishing social capital according to its functions as public, club or common goods. We also distinguish social capital’s productivity – a function of groups and communities’ degree of social cohesion – from participation in its returns – a function of individuals’ resources. We propose measurements for each and investigate the association between all forms of social capital and 15-year-old students’ cognitive attainment across OECD countries, using 2006 PISA data. Applying multilevel models, we offer a comprehensive account of the role played by social capital and social cohesion on the acquisition of cognitive skills.

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