Table of Contents

Building Prosperous Knowledge Cities

Building Prosperous Knowledge Cities

Policies, Plans and Metrics

Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo

This unique book reveals the procedural aspects of knowledge-based urban planning, development and assessment. Concentrating on major knowledge city building processes, and providing state-of-the-art experiences and perspectives, this important compendium explores innovative models, approaches and lessons learnt from a number of key case studies across the world.

Chapter 2: Creating: The Creative-class Based Knowledge City Models of Denmark

Mark Lorenzen, Kristina Vaarst Andersen and Stine Laursen

Subjects: geography, cities, innovation and technology, innovation policy, urban and regional studies, cities, urban studies


Mark Lorenzen, Kristina Vaarst Andersen and Stine Laursen INTRODUCTION Any policy aimed at improving a city’s knowledge infrastructure must aim to boost the city’s attractiveness to knowledge workers. Much incumbent research has focused on the attractiveness of urban amenities (Roback, 1982; Glaeser et al., 2001; Lloyd and Clark, 2001; Shapiro, 2006). However, the work by Richard Florida and associates (Florida, 2002a; 2002b; 2002c; 2005a; 2005b; 2008) constitutes a different perspective which has made a notable impact in both the policy and scholarly worlds (e.g. Gertler et al., 2002; Montgomery, 2005; Boyle, 2006; Andersen and Lorenzen, 2005, 2009; Raush and Negry, 2006; Weick and Martin, 2006; Lorenzen and Andersen, 2009; Andersen et al., 2010). Simplified, Florida argues that in a globalized economy where knowledge constitutes competitive advantage, it is possible to analytically identify a type of knowledge workers who are particularly important, because they are engaged technically, socially, and/ or artistically with creativity in their job. This creative class within the labor force has particular preferences for amenities such as high-quality housing, work empowerment, and specialized consumption. While the creative class shares these preferences with highly educated labor, Florida is able to demonstrate empirically that the US creative class has a more unique trait: it prefers to locate in cities with particularly high levels of cultural services, ethnic diversity, and tolerance towards non-mainstream lifestyles. Florida further claims that as a result of this preference-driven pattern of location of the creative class, diverse and ethnically and culturally rich cities prosper economically, as...

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