Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 5: Attracting: The Coffeeless Urban Café and the Attraction of Urban Space
Kirsten Martinus INTRODUCTION Large cars and extensive highways often signify success for industrializing cities. In contrast, attracting talented human capital and intimate urban space are symbolic of the new economy. Castells (2000) argued that contemporary urban planning is: based on knowledge, organized around networks, and partly made up of flows, the informational city is not a form but a process, a process characterized by the structural domination of the space of flows. (p. 429) Indeed, many see flows and accessibility (Bertolini and Dijst, 2003) or knowledge nodes and linkages (van Winden and van den Berg, 2004) as more suitable in urban planning than traditional zones and proximity. The organic globally competitive knowledge city facilitates innovation by attracting human capital and enabling connectivity and accessibility on all levels (virtual, physical, global, local) in open urban systems. Bertolini and Dijst (2003) suggested this could be generated in highly accessible mobility environments (train stations, airports and so on) being physical spaces able to anchor human interaction in the borderless new economy and sensitive to the physical mobility needs of individuals and organizations (Bertolini et al., 2008). Leveraging a point-to-point mass transport function, such environments are platforms to layer human socio-economic activity (such as recreation, work, learning) potentially connecting local actors to the wider global system. This chapter asserts that the attraction of public space adjacent to key transport infrastructure can contribute to innovation systems and, as such, economic efficiency in the new economy. The next section reviews literature on how urban form may...
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