Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 6: Researching: Key Factors for the Success of Knowledge Cities in Germany
Stefanie Wesselmann, Clas Meyer and Rainer Lisowski INTRODUCTION Knowledge, research and creativity have become the main preconditions for innovation in cities and regions. Intellectual capital is recognized by local governments and firms as one of the vital sources of competition in urban and economic development within a knowledge-based economy. A worldwide competition for talent, universities/research institutes and innovative enterprises can be observed. Having a science city profile is essential for this contest. Knowledge-based urban development has gained popularity as a powerful strategy for sustainable economic, social and urban growth, and for the post-industrial development of city-regions. The Stifterverband, the business community’s innovation agency for the German science system, representing 3000 companies, business associations and individuals, tries to support this process of modernization through the competition ‘City of Science’ among German cities (www. stifterverband.de). The winning city is entitled to call itself the ‘City of Science’ for one year, a title that earns considerable media coverage in the country and encourages local knowledge stakeholders to co-operate. From 2005 until 2009, 46 German cities have participated in the contest. As attorney of the Stifterverband and on the basis of a complete inventory count (N=46 in 2009), the authors analysed in a research programme the sustainable effects of the competition on the participating cities, ‘winners’ as well as ‘losers’. The scientific study indicates which positive synergies could be found in the cities and which knowledge-based strategies have been set up in the urban spaces. Compared with other studies in this field, it...
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