Policies, Plans and Metrics
Edited by Tan Yigitcanlar, Kostas Metaxiotis and Francisco Javier Carrillo
Chapter 12: Connecting: Community Supported Universities for Knowledge City Transformation
Ana Cristina Fachinelli and Janaína Macke INTRODUCTION This study describes and analyses the elements that compose social capital, emphasizing the promotion of community transformation and the role of a regional university. Our study was made in the city of Caxias do Sul, located in the southern region of Brazil. The regional university is the University of Caxias do Sul (UCS), which is a community supported university (CSU) – as we will describe later on, it has a different concept from the community college idea in the USA. In order to analyze the case of Caxias do Sul and its university, it is important to note that the model of the community supported university, and the knowledge city (KC) concept, have in their basis the idea of social capital as one of the essential elements for operational functioning. The social capital can be understood as the human capital that sets the structures forming the institutions of group cooperation. In fact, the social capital is a resource (Coleman, 1990) and is productive because it allows certain objectives to be reached that would not happen without it (Coleman, 1990). The effects expected can occur in two different ways: individual and collective. The individual social capital approach can be seen in social relations, in the form of trust and norms of reciprocity (Durston, 2000). However, the collective social capital approach appears in complex institutions through collaboration and management. On the other hand, knowledge-based development does not exist in interpersonal relations, but in complex systems...
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