Regulatory Responses and Crime Prevention Across the Taiwan Strait
Preface and Acknowledgements
The Internet is one of the world’s great inventions expanding the way many people live their lives. However, it is also a ‘double-edged sword.’ While people are enjoying the advantages brought by computers and the Internet, criminals also see new opportunities. Not only are conventional crimes, such as disseminating child-pornography, illegal online-gambling and fraud, facilitated by computers and the Internet, the Internet itself has also attracted a new breed of users including hackers, crackers and cyberterrorists. Both individual users and nation states are vulnerable to cyber criminals. Cybercrime is a worldwide problem of rapidly increasingly magnitude. Anonymous and transnational in nature, cybercrime is seen by criminals as a ‘low cost, high benefit’ type of crime. This is because cybercrime investigation relies highly on timely cooperation between States, but this is difficult to achieve. Juridical and political concerns, and the limited capabilities of crime investigators, all obstruct timely cross-nation cooperation on cybercrime investigation. In order to facilitate cooperation among States against cybercrime, international organizations such as the United Nations and the Council of Europe have drafted a number of conventions and agreements. The Convention on Cybercrime drafted by the Council of Europe has been deemed the first Convention on cybercrime and the United Nations has encouraged its member States to adopt its provisions. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (Taiwan) play important roles in cyberspace. There are around 2.25 billion internet users in the world and approximately one fourth of them (about 534 million) are in...