Chapter 6: Does the NIMBY strategy really promote a self-interest?: evidence from England's waste management policy
Waste is and has always been a general byproduct of human life, and though waste materials surround us, they have not been considered a devastating pollution problem until recently. The status of waste materials and their impact on the environment, however, began to change with the onset of the era of mass production and consumption. Consider, for example, that each household is filled with electric devices and toxic chemicals, most of which are very costly and difficult to dispose of in a proper manner. While waste is one of the major sources of pollution in our society, the greatest pollution from waste is caused by illegal dumping. Consequently, the proper disposal of waste versus the illegal dumping of waste is one of the great concerns for many countries. The USEPA (1998), for instance, addresses concerns about the illegal disposal of wastes and its impact on human health. Harmful fluids or dust generated by wastes can be harmful to people, especially children, who are often more vulnerable to physical and chemical hazards. In addition, the USEPA (1998) mentions the higher risks associated with the prevalence of mosquitoes that thrive in the stagnant waters found in scrap tires and waste dumps, as these insects carry severe diseases, such as dengue fever and encephalitis.
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