Chapter 8: International aspects of waste management: the waste haven effect on global reuse
It is not necessarily the case that a product you discard will be managed and landfilled within your town. It could be sent to and managed by other municipalities. Furthermore, the product you used could also be reused or recycled by people in another country. International trade in used production machinery, clothes, and automobiles has been occurring for a long time. In addition, scrap metals, waste papers, and used tires are traded and utilized as recycled resources. Nowadays, used televisions, computers, and even mobile phones are internationally traded. This chapter discusses international aspects of waste management and recycling. The fact that used goods and waste are internationally traded indicates the possibility that waste management policies in one country can affect the amount of waste in other countries. Therefore, waste management policies in each country should be designed while considering the effect of trade flow. Although economists have made very few attempts to analyze international aspects of waste management, the first part of this chapter reviews this literature. Internationally traded used goods can be classified into three groups, according to how they are utilized by the importing countries. They can be used as recyclable resources for production, and only valuable substances within the goods are utilized. Berglund and Söderholm (2003) called this type of international trade accompanied by recycling global recycling.
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