Table of Contents

Handbook on Transport and Development

Handbook on Transport and Development

Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister

This Handbook provides an extensive overview of the relationships between transport and development. With 45 chapters from leading international authors, the book is organised in three main parts: urban structure and travel; transport and spatial impacts; and wider dimensions in transport and development. The chapters each present commentary on key issues within these themes, presenting the debate on the impacts of urban structure on travel, the impacts of transport investment on development, and social and cultural change on travel. A multitude of angles are considered – leaving the reader with a comprehensive and critical understanding of the field.

Chapter 3: Urban passenger transport energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions: a global review and assessment of some reduction strategies

Peter Newman and Jeff Kenworthy

Subjects: development studies, development studies, economics and finance, environmental economics, transport, environment, environmental economics, transport, urban and regional studies, transport


Transport accounts for 22 per cent of global energy use and within the sector passenger transport accounts for roughly two-thirds of this, with freight transport accounting roughly for the other third (InterAcademy Council, 2007). Table 3.1 from the World Business Council for Sustainable Development shows in more detail how the global transport sector consumes its energy. Virtually all energy for transportation comes from petroleum-based fuels (InterAcademy Council, 2007). According to the IPCC, in 2004 the global transportation sector was responsible for 23 per cent of world energy-related CO2 emissions (IPCC, 2007). The growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector is the highest among all the energy end-user sectors (IPCC, 2007). Reducing these emissions from transport must therefore be an important part of climate change mitigation programmes both at the city and national levels across the world.

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