Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister
Chapter 3: Urban passenger transport energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions: a global review and assessment of some reduction strategies
Transport accounts for 22 per cent of global energy use and within the sector passenger transport accounts for roughly two-thirds of this, with freight transport accounting roughly for the other third (InterAcademy Council, 2007). Table 3.1 from the World Business Council for Sustainable Development shows in more detail how the global transport sector consumes its energy. Virtually all energy for transportation comes from petroleum-based fuels (InterAcademy Council, 2007). According to the IPCC, in 2004 the global transportation sector was responsible for 23 per cent of world energy-related CO2 emissions (IPCC, 2007). The growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector is the highest among all the energy end-user sectors (IPCC, 2007). Reducing these emissions from transport must therefore be an important part of climate change mitigation programmes both at the city and national levels across the world.
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