Table of Contents

Handbook on Transport and Development

Handbook on Transport and Development

Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister

This Handbook provides an extensive overview of the relationships between transport and development. With 45 chapters from leading international authors, the book is organised in three main parts: urban structure and travel; transport and spatial impacts; and wider dimensions in transport and development. The chapters each present commentary on key issues within these themes, presenting the debate on the impacts of urban structure on travel, the impacts of transport investment on development, and social and cultural change on travel. A multitude of angles are considered – leaving the reader with a comprehensive and critical understanding of the field.

Chapter 8: Residential location and travel: Hangzhou and Copenhagen compared to studies in cities worldwide

Petter Næss

Subjects: development studies, development studies, economics and finance, environmental economics, transport, environment, environmental economics, transport, urban and regional studies, transport


The aspect of urban form that has attracted the greatest amount of research on its impacts on travel behaviour is arguably the location of residential areas. In the United States, research into land use and transport relationships during recent years has to a high extent been directed towards the influence of local-scale urban structural conditions on travel behaviour, comparing traditional suburban residential areas with areas developed according to the so-called ‘New Urbanism’ or ‘Transit Oriented Development’ principles (Boarnet and Crane, 2001; Ewing and Cervero, 2010). In a European context, research into relationships between land use and travel has focused much more on the location of the residence relative to the main metropolitan centre and sub-centres within the metropolitan-scale spatial structure. This also applies to some recent studies in Asian and South American countries. A few studies have also sought to compare the influences on travel behaviour from neighbourhood-scale and city-scale characteristics. This chapter will discuss the state of knowledge on this topic, comparing findings in two selected case urban regions (the metropolitan areas of Hangzhou, China, and Copenhagen, Denmark) with the results of studies in other cities and city regions in Europe and America.

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