Table of Contents

Handbook on Transport and Development

Handbook on Transport and Development

Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister

This Handbook provides an extensive overview of the relationships between transport and development. With 45 chapters from leading international authors, the book is organised in three main parts: urban structure and travel; transport and spatial impacts; and wider dimensions in transport and development. The chapters each present commentary on key issues within these themes, presenting the debate on the impacts of urban structure on travel, the impacts of transport investment on development, and social and cultural change on travel. A multitude of angles are considered – leaving the reader with a comprehensive and critical understanding of the field.

Chapter 34: E-retailing, the network society and travel

Orit Rotem-Mindali

Subjects: development studies, development studies, economics and finance, environmental economics, transport, environment, environmental economics, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

A major trend drawing much attention is the employment of new technologies in retailing (i.e., e-commerce, e-retail, e-shopping, etc.). E-retail represents a small, but growing part of retail activities, which may have broad implications on the organization and spatial structure of retail systems, shopping patterns and city development. Such impacts depend to a great extent on consumers’ response to technological changes. An increasing use of e-commerce is hypothesized to affect mobility. As such, transport and retail geographers as well as policymakers and planners have become interested in the implications of e-commerce on travel. E-retailing involves a shift from various aspects of the traditional store format towards the introduction of electronic means of performing retail activities. E-retail encompasses three main activities: specifically, a product search activity, an online purchase function and product delivery capability. Early studies forecast that information technology would generate a revolution in the retail sector and would largely affect travel behavior (Graham and Marvin, 1996; Burt and Sparks, 2002; Wrigley et al., 2002). This is commonly attributed to the relaxation of time-space constraints in retailing and is credited to the potential of electronic applications to reduce costs of transactions, transportation and search activities. Indeed, sales in the virtual environment have grown exponentially, although the proportion of virtual shopping is still significantly smaller than that of traditional shopping. This may already hint that understanding the impact of e-commerce on travel is complex.

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