Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister
Chapter 39: Troublesome leisure travel: counterproductive sustainable transport policies
The level and growth of passenger transportation – or travel – represents a major challenge to environmentally sustainable development (EEA, 2002; OECD, 2000, 2002). Among a number of environmental consequences, climate change, air pollution and excess energy consumption are the most important. In developed countries, leisure travel constitutes a major and growing share of total travel. In the EU, for example, leisure travel accounts for approximately one-third of all trips (EEA, 2008). A survey of travel in Norway (Denstadli et al., 2006) suggests that leisure trips are responsible for more than half of total CO2 emissions from travel because leisure trips tend to be longer and use more energy-consuming modes of transportation than everyday trips. Banister et al. (2000) projected that over the next 20 years, more people will spend more time on leisure activities because of an ageing population in OECD countries. Much of this increased leisure travel could involve long-distance air travel because more people have the means, time and desire to see the world (Gossling, 2010). Meanwhile, research on sustainable passenger transport has mainly focused on everyday travel. Among the driving forces for everyday travel are globalization, lifestyles and individual travel preferences, demographic trends, household structure, economic growth and household income, urban sprawl, and specialization in education and labour (Banister, 2005; Banister et al., 2000; Tengstrom, 1999; Black, 2003; Geenhuizen et al., 2002; Salomon and Mokhtarian, 2002).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.