Edited by Robin Hickman, Moshe Givoni, David Bonilla and David Banister
Chapter 43: The making of European transport policy
Europe’s transport dilemmas were not created yesterday, nor will they be solved tomorrow. (Ross 1998: xiv). The objective of a common transport policy dates back more than five decades to the treaty establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) – the Treaty of Rome, which was signed in 1957. Transport was in fact one of the main areas of common policy of the treaty: ten articles in the treaty were devoted to transport (more than the number of articles concerning agriculture). Certain ideas behind a common transport policy can even be traced further back in time. The Treaty of Paris (1951), for example, which established the European Coal and Steel Community (the forerunner to the EEC), contained a chapter on transport (Table 43.1). Nevertheless, despite being a common area of policy for more than 50 years and featuring in all key European treaties, European transport policy developed relatively slowly, especially before the mid-1980s, which is generally considered to be a turning point in European transport policy-making (Giorgi and Schmidt, 2002; Jensen, 2008; Kerwer and Teutsch, 2001; Lyons, 2000; Rothacher, 2005; Stevens, 2004).
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