Chapter 13: Social Impact of the Crisis in the United Kingdom: Focus on Gender and Age Inequalities
Damian Grimshaw and Anthony Rafferty* 1. INTRODUCTION This chapter charts the inequalities in work and employment with a particular focus on gender and age inequalities resulting from the 2008–2009 recession in the United Kingdom. The reduction in GDP was the deepest and most prolonged for almost 30 years, unemployment increased to more than 8 per cent after a decade at 5–6 per cent and average real earnings fell. The consequences for men and women were strongly shaped by patterns of sex segregation, given the strong negative employment effects of the recession in the male-dominated sectors of construction and manufacturing and the economic shelter, at least until 2010, enjoyed by jobs in the female-dominated public sector. Also, unlike past recessions where women were more likely to have played the role of flexible buffer by working reduced hours, switching from full-time to part-time jobs or taking on temporary contracts, during this recession men shared hours reductions with women, experienced a similar rise in part-time employment and a higher rise in temporary work. However, women were penalized in three key respects: first, among the growing numbers of unemployed, women were only half as likely as men to claim unemployment benefits; second, women constitute the bulk of lone parent households which were subject to increasingly stringent job search tests to be eligible for benefits; and third, the recession marked a halt to a prior trend of rising relative pay for women in low paid work. The recession also had particularly negative consequences...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.