Table of Contents

European Cities and Global Competitiveness

European Cities and Global Competitiveness

Strategies for Improving Performance

Edited by Peter Karl Kresl and Daniele Ietri

The volume begins with an Introduction, followed by a set of three papers in Part Two examining European urban competitiveness from the standpoints of measurement and policy. This section also provides a case study of the cities of one country – Italy – from which the reader can gain an understanding of the current position of European cities as well as what might be possible going forward. Experience has shown that perhaps the most crucial element in competitiveness enhancement is good and effective governance. To that end, Part Three examines structural aspects of urban government, including polycentric regions, wide metropolitan cooperation, the role of social actors and territorial aggregation. Part Four treats issues of innovation from two perspectives and provides a case study from Eindhoven, while also covering social issues such as demographics, participation, social exclusion and mobility.

Chapter 6: Metropolitan structures of decision making, governance and policy coordination: the role of social actors in Montreal

Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay and Juan-Luis Klein

Subjects: economics and finance, public sector economics, urban economics, geography, cities, urban and regional studies, cities, urban economics

Extract

We will discuss here the issue of metropolitan structures of decision making, governance and policy coordination and highlight the important role of social actors in the case of Montreal. While we do not want to give the impression that this is a magic bullet that ensures success in all aspects of decision making and governance in Montreal, and we will show that there are many actors namely from civil society – too many in the view of some – we nevertheless feel that this is an important characteristic of Montreal, and one which sets it apart from other North American cities. We will thus show that although the metropolis does not have a fully and clearly established governance framework, the role of civil society is important in the governance of the metropolitan socioeconomic development in Montreal. Indeed, many actors, such as social economy based organizations, professional and other associations have a very determinant role in shaping the metropolitan area and its economic and social development.

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