Table of Contents

Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism

Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism

Research Handbooks in International Law series

Edited by Ben Saul

This Handbook brings together leading scholars and practitioners to examine the prolific body of international laws governing terrorism. It exhaustively covers the global response to terrorism in transnational criminal law, the international law on the use of force, international humanitarian law, international human rights law, the law of State responsibility, the United Nations Security Council, General Assembly, UN specialised bodies, and regional organisations. It also addresses special legal issues in dealing with terrorism such as gender, religion, victims of terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and customary law.

Chapter 11: Islam, terrorism and international law

Javaid Rehman

Subjects: law - academic, human rights, public international law, terrorism and security law, politics and public policy, human rights, terrorism and security

Extract

It is well over a decade since the tragic events of 11 September 2001, though the debate on Islam’s relationship with terrorism and extremism continues with vigour. The tragedy of 9/11 produced numerous consequences: international law became more closely involved in scrutinizing the practices of the Islamic states; connections between Islam and terrorism were drawn to justify the military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq; Muslim minorities in Europe, Australia and North America felt vulnerable and targeted; and amidst an unprecedented growth in ‘Islamophobia’, concerns were raised about the fundamental relationship between Islam and the Sharia (Islamic law) and radicalization and terrorism. Critics of Islam argued that it is an aggressive religion which advocates recourse to violence and terrorism. Jihad, according to this interpretation, is an instrument of subjugation, terror and human rights violations. On the other hand, the global Muslim population has pointed to both the overt manipulation of international law to justify invasions and occupations of Muslim lands and the continuation of an immoral and illegal ‘war on terror’ in which Islam and Muslims are the primary targets and victims of human rights violations.

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