Table of Contents

Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism

Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism

Research Handbooks in International Law series

Edited by Ben Saul

This Handbook brings together leading scholars and practitioners to examine the prolific body of international laws governing terrorism. It exhaustively covers the global response to terrorism in transnational criminal law, the international law on the use of force, international humanitarian law, international human rights law, the law of State responsibility, the United Nations Security Council, General Assembly, UN specialised bodies, and regional organisations. It also addresses special legal issues in dealing with terrorism such as gender, religion, victims of terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and customary law.

Chapter 41: The legal response to terrorism of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation

Katja Samuel

Subjects: law - academic, human rights, public international law, terrorism and security law, politics and public policy, human rights, terrorism and security


The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the largest Islamic intergovernmental organization, describing itself as having a membership of 57 states and treating Palestine – as many UN member states and UNESCO now do – as a sovereign state. A closed intergovernmental organization, the OIC has a number of unique characteristics which are of potential law-making relevance. One is that it was created as a response to the demise in 1924 of the last Caliph, who had at least symbolic leadership and religious functions over the Muslim ummah (the universal, ideological community of Muslim believers) following the fall of the Ottoman Empire to Allied Forces in 1918. The OIC, therefore, should be regarded as a partial institutional response seeking to bridge the resultant gap. Another closely related distinct feature is that it is founded upon a common background of Islamic values, ideals, and objectives, which is an OIC Charter requirement for membership.

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