A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 1: The Results of Education in University: Does it Foster Students’ Propensity Towards Entrepreneurial Careers?
José Luis Vázquez, Ana Lanero, Pablo Gutiérrez and Maria Purificación García INTRODUCTION In the middle of the process of convergence to the new European Higher Education Area (EHEA) it seems pertinent to reconsider whether the transformations undertaken, both in the university aims and in the way these must be reached, will enable a better response to the social needs and expectations frequently assigned to these institutions. In this context, it is worth mentioning that one of the main objectives of the current Bologna Process refers to the permanent adaptation of qualifications and professional profiles to the needs of the productive sector. In this respect, university academic programmes in Europe have been traditionally centred on training wage-earner professionals and employees (Vázquez et al., 2010a, 2010b; Lanero, 2011) in a way that has translated into the preferences of future graduates for employment in private enterprises or public administrations (European Commission, 2007). However, this prevaling approach is becoming insufficient, since the socioeconomic situation of surrounding countries, and ultimately the structure of the European labour market, are suffering important transformations at the same time as university education. As an example, some recent reports highlight that, while tertiary educated young workers tend to have shorter unemployment spells and fewer difficulties in establishing a foothold in the labour market, they tend to undergo considerably more transitions both in and out of the labour force and between jobs than an average worker, with more temporary contracts, lower wages, and higher levels of...
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