A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 6: Barriers to Innovation in Mexican Manufacturing Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: An Empirical Study
Gonzalo Maldonado Guzmán, María del Carmen Martínez Serna, Domingo García Pérez de Lema and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro INTRODUCTION The importance of innovation for small and medium sized enterprises’ (SMEs’) survival and competitiveness has been widely recognized and documented in the previous literature (Hadjimanolis, 1999, 2000; Frenkel, 2003; Khazanchi et al., 2007; van Auken et al., 2008; Madrid-Guijarro et al., 2009). At the same time, innovation is regarded as one of the most important problems faced by SMEs, as few of these firms usually carry out or consider innovation in planning and adapting their products to customer needs (Storey, 2000). The main reasons that lead SMEs not to adopt or develop innovations are the factors or barriers that slow or inhibit innovative activities (Piatier, 1984; Hadjimanolis, 1999; Oke, 2004). A better understanding of the barriers to innovation provides a wider picture of the dynamics of innovation activities in organizations, especially small and medium enterprises. This point is important as a first step in the process of introducing the need to innovate in the firm. In the previous literature we find a considerable number of studies analysing the barriers to innovation in SMEs (Piatier, 1984; Geroski et al., 1993; Heunks, 1998; Hadjimanolis, 1999, 2000; Frenkel, 2003; Oke, 2004; Cefis and Marsili, 2006; van Auken et al., 2008; Madrid-Guijarro et al., 2009). In spite of the numerous empirical papers about barriers to innovation in the current literature, there are few studies that jointly integrate the different barriers to innovation...
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