A Built Economy in Education, Sustainability and Regulation
Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Antonia Madrid-Guijarro
Chapter 8: Which are the Determinant Factors for Manufacturing Firms to Undertake R & D Activities in Spain and the United Kingdom?
8. Which are the determinant factors for manufacturing firms to undertake R&D activities in Spain and the United Kingdom? Mariluz Mate-Sanchez-Val and Richard Harris1 INTRODUCTION During the last years an extensive literature has analysed the relationship between the innovation activities undertaken by the firms and the regional development (Bilbao-Osorio and Rodríguez-Pose, 2004). Although these studies do not find a close relationship between these variables, they conclude that undertaking R&D activities exerts different effects on regional growth. Inspired by this relationship, the European Commission (2002) developed a report to characterize the European regions attending to their innovative activity. This study concluded about the existence of two groups of European countries with a large technological gap between them: (1) countries located in the ‘core’ innovative system. They are situated in the north and central Europe and characterized by a high percentage of firms which undertake R&D activities. (2) Countries identified with a ‘periphery’ innovative regime, comprising regions in Southern Europe and with a low amount of them that undertake R&D activities. This classification has been considered in the design of regional policies with the purpose of dropping the differences between groups (Cabrer-Borras and Serrano-Domingo, 2007). Going further in this research area, the aim of this study is to provide an in-depth analysis of the technological gap between these groups. Concretely, we analyse the factors which influence the decision to undertake R&D activities by the Spanish and British firms. The former located in the periphery area and...
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