Elgar original reference
Edited by Susan Vinnicombe, Ronald J. Burke, Stacy Blake-Beard and Lynda L. Moore
Chapter 14: Gender differences in the academic work experiences of faculty at early, middle and late career stages
In the United States, 578 302 people worked as full-time faculty at post-secondary institutions in 2009, representing about 0.38 percent of the labor force (US Department of Education, 2010). Of faculty members in 2009, 43.8 percent were women, a 39 percent increase from 31.5 percent in 1988. Although there have been significant differences in the changes in the numbers and percentages of female and male faculty over the past two decades, to date, there has been limited study of faculty careers, particularly whether and how female and male faculty careers differ. Importantly, while faculty career development, encompassing progression through career stages, is a critical determinant of a faculty member’s academic and professional life (Austin, 2010), the role of faculty career stages has not been extensively studied in the literature on academic career development, and not much is known definitively about whether faculty careers systematically differ for female and male faculty. In the present chapter, we address these gaps in the literature by examining career stage differences by gender in a national sample of faculty members.
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