Edited by Claudio Petti
Technological entrepreneurship encompasses all the activities related to the identification of potential entrepreneurial opportunities arising from technological developments, and the exploitation of these opportunities through the successful commercialization of innovative products (goods or services). Put simply, technological entrepreneurship concerns the transformation of technological research, developments and related investments into value: economic value in terms of returns for entrepreneurs, investors, employees and taxes for governments; and societal value in terms of growth, employability and improvements in living standards. Depending on who tackles this concept and in which context, technological entrepreneurship can have: ● ● ● different names: that is technology entrepreneurship, technical entrepreneurship, techno-entrepreneurship and technoentrepreneurship; different faces: that is a system, a policy, a strategy, a process or an individual attitude;1 different souls: an entrepreneurial soul related to the identification of opportunities to create future goods and services; a technology innovation management soul related to the planning, development and implementation of technological capabilities to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities; and a strategic management soul related to the attributes of capabilities, structural configurations and institutions that make the venture profitable. Nonetheless, whatever the level or the perspective under which technological/technology/technical or techno(-)entrepreneurship is tackled, the central question for researchers and practitioners is: how can opportunities to make profits out of technologies be identified and exploited? To answer this question at least two preliminary considerations need to be made. First, the above-mentioned opportunities may arise at all levels of the economy – individual, organizational and macroeconomic – and, as a matter of fact, often arise outside...