An Environmental Approach
Edited by Francesc Morata and Israel Solorio Sandoval
Chapter 2: A ‘Coordinated’ European Energy Policy? The Integration of EU Energy and Climate Change Policies
Camilla Adelle, Duncan Russel and Marc Pallemaerts1 2.1 INTRODUCTION Energy production and consumption as practiced by Europeans has enormous environmental impacts. Energy-related emissions pollute air, water and soil, and pose risks to human health and biodiversity. However, it is the relationship between energy and climate change that mainly commands political and scientific attention. Recognizing the importance of climate change, the European Union (EU) has positioned itself as a global champion against climate change, backed up with substantive internal policy (see Chapter 1 by Solorio Sandoval and Morata; Chapter 6 by Solorio Sandoval and Zapater). However, producing policy to mitigate climate change is no easy task. Mitigating climate change requires a complex combination of improving energy efficiency, switching to less carbon-intensive fossil fuels and carbon-free energy sources and carbon capture and storage (CCS) – at least in the medium term (see Chapter 5 by Fischer for further information on CCS policies). Moreover the root causes of climate change are embedded across a number of sectors (for example energy, transport, industry, housing and agriculture) and associated actors each with differing priorities and interests (on climate change and other issues). Given the complex cross-sector nature of the climate problem there is a compelling case for climate and energy policy to be coordinated to produce a coherent EU approach. One proposed strategy for following a more coordinated approach to environmental issues such as climate change is environmental policy integration (EPI) (Jordan and Lenschow, 2008, 2010; see also Chapter 1 by Solorio Sandoval and Morata, Chapter...
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