An Environmental Approach
Edited by Francesc Morata and Israel Solorio Sandoval
Chapter 8: The European Energy Policy Towards Eastern Neighbors: Rebalancing Priorities or Changing Paradigms?
Anna Herranz-Surrallés and Michal Natorski 8.1 INTRODUCTION As seen in Chapter 1, the objectives of the European energy policy are now commonly depicted as a triangle comprising three policy goals: competitiveness of energy markets, environmental sustainability and security of supply (that is the so-called energy trinity). The European Union (EU) has also progressively attempted to develop an external energy policy based on these three interrelated dimensions. Yet until recently the EU’s external activity in the energy policy area was limited to the first two policy goals: that is, promoting the liberalization of energy markets abroad and energy reforms aimed at combating climate change (see Chapter 6 by Solorio Sandoval and Zapater). The lack of specific external policies in the third area, security of supply, is hardly surprising given that prior to the approval of the Lisbon Treaty there was little legal foundation for the EU authorities’ involvement in securing external energy supplies. Therefore security of supply, despite having been the trigger for the first measures that the European Communities undertook in the area of energy in late 1960s, remained ‘the weakest side of the EU energy policy triangle’ (Buchan, 2010, p. 361). However since the mid 2000s, in the context of tightening world energy markets and the gas supply crises that the EU experienced owing to deteriorating relations between Russia and some Former Soviet Union countries, the EU started to tackle this third aspect of its energy policy. The new consensus on the uncertainties surrounding the EU’s future energy...
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