An Environmental Approach
Edited by Francesc Morata and Israel Solorio Sandoval
Chapter 9: Exporting the Good Example? European Energy Policy and Socialization in South-East Europe
Andrea Ciambra 9.1 INTRODUCTION As a key strategic goal for the European energy policy, diversification of supply is commonly perceived as the keystone for future short- and long-term energy sustainability. While consuming countries can realistically pursue a diversification of supply – that is, relying on different kinds of sources – the diversification of suppliers has, on the contrary, proven difficult and is highly dependent on exogenous factors: monopoly energy markets, constraining physical reserves and unsettling local politics. Against this backdrop, the EU has been following the path marked by the Commission’s Green Paper on security of energy supply, which set out explicitly that [t]he European Union’s long-term strategy for energy supply security must be geared to ensuring, for the well-being of its citizens and the proper functioning of the economy, the uninterrupted physical availability of energy products on the market, at a price which is affordable for all consumers (private and industrial), while respecting environmental concerns and looking towards sustainable development. (European Commission, 2000a, p. 3) Therefore, in parallel to the construction of a European energy policy, the EU has been urging for a comprehensive approach to the diversification issue. In this sense, the European Commission’s 2006 Green Paper A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy remarked on the need to diversify ‘EU’s energy mix with greater use of competitive indigenous and renewable energy, and … sources and routes of supply of imported energy’ (European Commission 2006, p. 18, our emphasis), a vision consolidated with the emergence of a consistent...
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