Chapter 3: International efforts, international barriers
So much for the major terrorist groups and their financing methods. It is time to consider and analyse the reasons why the international counter measures to such financing have been unsuccessful to date. The first of the three main reasons is the inherent legal difficulties involved in anti-terrorist financing measures. Part of this is the difficulty caused by a lack of an accepted and internationally codified definition of terrorism. Without this, any offence of terrorist financing is rendered even more difficult to prove. During the late twentieth century, the lack of a coherent and comprehensive definition of terrorism hampered both strategic analysis and the formulation and enactment of anti-terrorist financing legislation. In the immediate reaction to 9/11, there was an opportunity to promulgate a unified definition as a basis, when international governments, law enforcement and regulatory agencies were focused against a threat that had apparently assumed proportions hitherto unknown and unforeseen. However, paradoxically, the 9/11 crisis necessitating such focus and such frenzy of international interface was the very reason why no such legal definition was forthcoming.
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