Chapter 6: The derided modus operandi
Counterfeiting of goods has long been recognized as a major international crime threat, growing exponentially. This growth is not temporary, but a quasi-geometrical progression increase. In a five-year period from 1990 to 1995, the value of counterfeiting as a percentage of world trade increased from 3.5 to 5 per cent. It is now the equivalent of over 7 per cent of global trade. This increase is on a global scale. Counterfeiting of goods is a criminal activity in which organized crime groups are increasingly involved. Such groups have been involved in counterfeiting of goods since at least 1998, according to a NATO report on organized transnational crime. According to a global anti-counterfeiting congress, by 2004, organized criminal groups had increased control of the international flow of counterfeit goods. During the early part of the 2000s, awareness increased regarding the importance of an effective and co-ordinated international anti-counterfeiting strategy as part of the fight against organized crime. Indeed, at official EU level during this decade, there was there a slow but steady recognition of the extent of the problem of counterfeiting, and the necessity for effective anti-counterfeiting strategies. In 2007, a European Commission report noted the increase since 2006 in seized goods as being 17 per cent. More counterfeit goods were being speedily produced by mass production7 in the source countries.
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