The field of new media art is often interdisciplinary in nature, where art and science are inextricably intertwined. However, when artists and scientists collaborate to create new media art, a number of challenges arise, one of them being the issue of authorship. Controversies regarding authorship are not new. The American playwright Edward Albee is known to have waged numerous battles over many years in order to assert his authorial rights to his plays against non-writer collaborators such as directors, by making a clear distinction between the ‘creative act’ and the ‘interpretative act’ (Salter 2009, p. 2). Authorship disputes also occur frequently in relation to academic research publications, partly as a result of the ‘lack of clarity and openness about authorship’ (Rennie, Yank and Emanuel 1997). In creative collaborations, the interaction between collaborators can be so complex that the boundaries between authorship and non-authorship are blurred (Hughes and Lund 1994), and it is sometimes impossible to determine ‘who produced what’ (Stone and Thompson 2006, pp. 7–8).
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