Chapter 5: Are residents' committees able to contain homeowner resistance? The interaction between residents' committees and homeowners' associations
Homeowners' associations have been an important actor in the postreform housing governance framework. This is especially noticeable in Shanghai, in which 83 per cent of all residential neighbourhoods have established a homeowners' association (Jie Fang Daily, 2008). Contrary to other traditional 'mass organizations', homeowners' associations have much greater autonomy, albeit that the law also requires that they be put under the supervision, in both their establishment and operations, of local government (for example, street office and district housing bureau) and residents' committee. In Shanghai, the effort to strengthen the management of residential neighbourhoods in general, and supervision of homeowners' associations in particular, has been on the agenda of neighbourhood governance, with more obligations put on street offices and residents' committees. Under the Three Year Plan of Strengthening Comprehensive Management of Residential Neighbourhoods (2007-2009), the leadership of neighbourhood party committees and residents' committees has been reinforced. The plan stipulates that residents' committees should, under the guidance of the street offices, coordinate and supervise the formation of homeowners' assembly, as well as the re-election and daily operations of homeowners' associations. In fact, supervision of homeowners' associations was listed under the performance indicators of the district governments and street offices.
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