Chapter 12: Epilogue
This book has relied on both broad overviews and detailed narratives. It has moved between the macrocosm of major dramatic events and the microcosm of their smallest components. Descriptions of geographic settings and historical developments have presented the larger perspective. The details have emerged when initially deﬁning concepts, discussing social interactions and examining individual biographies. Pitting various theoretical approaches and points of view against each other adds to our understanding of the multifaceted wellsprings of creativity and the complex correlations that tend to characterize signiﬁcant innovative processes. Fundamental to the book has been the notion of the cross-pollination of differing viewpoints. Similarly, this summary chapter is structured on the basis of two complementary approaches – all-inclusive and piecemeal. A series of initial questions refocus on the earlier chapters in order of their appearance, followed by a potpourri of details, observations and conclusions taken from various parts of the book. Only when all the ingredients have been arranged in that way is it possible to clearly delineate the book’s underlying thematic and logical structures. 158 M2809 - TORNQVIST 9781781001509 PRINT.indd 158 16/11/2011 14:10 Epilogue 159 12.1 What is creativity and who is creative? The words ‘creativity’ and ‘creative’ are largely artefacts of the post-war era. Having rarely appeared in the German and Romance languages before that time, their use has increased exponentially. Together they generated some 400 million Google hits in late 2008, whereas the words ‘innovation’ and ‘innovative’ showed up almost 200 million times. Such widespread use makes...
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