An Occupational Perspective
Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx
Chapter 3: Non-standard employment patterns across occupations in the Netherlands
The Netherlands is known as a country with a high share of atypical work, largely due to a high incidence of part-time workers. Over the last decades, the share of part-time jobs has substantially increased, and the Netherlands is now the European leader in part-time work both for men and for women (CBS, 2009). However, the growth of part-time work during this period has varied substantially across occupations. Female-dominated occupations such as caring jobs are characterised by more part-time work than male-dominated occupations like construction jobs. Another important gender difference is that men usually work more hours in part-time than women (CBS, 2010). The share of temporary work has also considerably increased over the past decades from about 11 per cent of the employees having a temporary contract in 1995 to 18.5 per cent in 2010 (Houwing, 2010; Eurostat, 2011). This increase was much stronger than in the EU as a whole where the share of temporary workers increased from about 12 per cent in 1995 to 14 per cent in 2010. Currently, only Spain, Portugal and Poland have a higher share of temporary workers than the Netherlands.
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