Table of Contents

Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets

Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets

An Occupational Perspective

Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx

Examining the occupational variation within non-standard employment, this book combines case studies and comparative writing to illustrate how and why alternative occupational employment patterns are formed. Through expert contributions, a framework is developed integrating explanations based on labour market regulation, industrial relations and skill supply, filling the gaps in previous scholastic research.

Chapter 9: Non-standard employment across occupations in the United States: the role of replaceability and labour market flexibility

Moira Nelson

Subjects: economics and finance, labour economics, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, labour policy

Extract

While the United States labour market is widely considered the most flexible in the industrialized world, the standard employment relationship still constrains employers in various ways. And even if employers welcome such constraints to retain some workers, non-standard employment offers a channel through which to realize further flexibility for other workers. Understanding trends in non-standard employment therefore means drawing attention to the interest and ability of employers to break with the standard employment contract. This chapter charts developments in non-standard employment and assesses both their determinants and the consequences for transitions into more stable forms of employment. The types of non-standard work assessed in this chapter include part-time, temporary work, temporary help agency work, contract agency work, and on-call work. Non-standard employment in the United States is less prevalent than in other countries, which is largely the result of the low level of employment protection. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, levels of non-standard work have increased since the 1950s, primarily as a result of heightened economic competition, the rise of the knowledge economy, and a political shift to the right (Kalleberg 2009; Koch and Fritz 2013). Many types of non-standard work are more common among workers that are more easily replaced or less unionized, although there are notable exceptions.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information