Table of Contents

Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets

Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets

An Occupational Perspective

Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx

Examining the occupational variation within non-standard employment, this book combines case studies and comparative writing to illustrate how and why alternative occupational employment patterns are formed. Through expert contributions, a framework is developed integrating explanations based on labour market regulation, industrial relations and skill supply, filling the gaps in previous scholastic research.

Chapter 12: Non-standard employment of women in service sector occupations: a comparison of European countries

Janine Leschke

Subjects: economics and finance, labour economics, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, labour policy


Increasing female labour market participation is arguably one of the decisive factors in explaining the rising shares of non-standard employment in European countries. Recent job expansion among women has mainly been taking place in service sector employment which produced a short- or medium-run trade-off between the objective of increasing female labour market participation and favouring de-segregation (European Commission 2009). A similar and linked trade-off is evident with regard to the gender wage gap, with countries displaying comparatively low female employment rates having lower gender wage gaps than countries with high female employment rates (Blau and Kahn 2003).

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