Table of Contents

Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples

Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples

The Search for Legal Remedies

Edited by Randall S. Abate and Elizabeth Ann Kronk

Indigenous peoples occupy a unique niche within the climate justice movement, as many indigenous communities live subsistence lifestyles that are severely disrupted by the effects of climate change. Additionally, in many parts of the world, domestic law is applied differently to indigenous peoples than it is to their non-indigenous peers, further complicating the quest for legal remedies. The contributors to this book bring a range of expert legal perspectives to this complex discussion, offering both a comprehensive explanation of climate change-related problems faced by indigenous communities and a breakdown of various real world attempts to devise workable legal solutions. Regions covered include North and South America (Brazil, Canada, the US and the Arctic), the Pacific Islands (Fiji, Tuvalu and the Federated States of Micronesia), Australia and New Zealand, Asia (China and Nepal) and Africa (Kenya).

Chapter 14: The Saami facing the impacts of global climate change

Irina L. Stoyanova

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law, human rights, law and development, politics and public policy, human rights

Extract

Key scientific reports and climate models have provided a comprehensive picture of the biophysical effects of climate change and have effectively characterized the Arctic as the world’s barometer of global environmental change. As circumpolar peoples are already witnessing and experiencing some of the rapid changes taking place in the Arctic, they too have started documenting the impacts of climate change. All these findings have created a basis for political action to combat climate change in the Arctic. While Arctic communities are trying to respond to climate change, external and internal stressors are severely testing their ability to adapt. This chapter focuses specifically on how climate change challenges the indigenous peoples of northern Scandinavia, namely the Saami. The Saami (also spelled Sámi or Sápmi, with or without accent) are the only officially recognized indigenous peoples living within Europe. They are the indigenous people of Sápmi (Samiland), a territory that today spans the northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Russian Kola Peninsula and also constitutes some of Europe’s last remaining wilderness areas.

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