Reflecting on the Roles and Responsibilities of University Faculty and Management
Edited by Roger Sugden, Marcela Valania and James R. Wilson
Chapter 13: Developing the ‘third place’: the collaborative roles of universities in territorial knowledge creation
Universities are supposed to play a major role in the knowledge economy. This was already outlined by Daniel Bell in his 1973 book on the postindustrial society (Bell 1973). One could argue that the role of knowledge and the role of knowledge institutions in society since then have gained importance. Over the last two decades, there has been a large literature that addresses this. Most of this literature sees universities as knowledge developing institutions that can fuel the economy with knowledge inputs (Trani and Holsworth 2010). Although knowledge, like so many other general concepts, covers many meanings, and refers to many different understandings, knowledge development and transfer has become an important topic in discussions of economic development. Likewise, the discussion of university policy, at least in Norway, is increasingly framed in terms of economic policy; that is how universities can support innovation and collaborate for business development. In this chapter we argue that in spite of this increased interest and relevance of university–society collaboration, the topic of understanding what happens when the two meet is underdeveloped.
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