Table of Contents

Research Handbook on International Energy Law

Research Handbook on International Energy Law

Research Handbooks in International Law series

Edited by Kim Talus

International energy law is an elusive but important concept. There is no body of law called ‘international energy law’, nor is there any universally accepted definition for it, yet many specialised areas of international law have a direct relationship with energy policy. The Research Handbook on International Energy Law examines various aspects of international energy law and offers a comprehensive account of its basic concepts and processes.

Chapter 17: EU energy efficiency regulation and governance: Lessons for the US?

Lynne Holt and Mary Galligan

Subjects: economics and finance, transport, environment, environmental law, transport, law - academic, energy law, environmental law, human rights, international economic law, trade law, public international law, politics and public policy, human rights, urban and regional studies, transport


The United States (US) and the European Union (EU) have taken different approaches toward energy regulation and governance. The differing approaches are illustrated in their policies on energy efficiency. This chapter compares the two approaches and attempts to explore the question of what lessons the US may glean from the EU's experiences in developing and implementing energy efficiency policies in the area of electricity generation and use. A larger question posed in this chapter is whether an initiative dependent upon the melding actions of separate jurisdictions to meet a collective goal can effectively address an issue as complex as energy efficiency: localized interest in promoting energy efficiency may be in certain cases a lower priority or may even be in conflict with broader, collective federal interests. Conversely, national or international policies may thwart productive localized policies. Finally, this chapter poses several questions for further exploration and research into lessons learned by the EU that might be instructive to the US.

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