The Standard of Review in WTO Dispute Settlement

The Standard of Review in WTO Dispute Settlement

Critique and Development

Ross Becroft

This detailed book critiques how the World Trade Organization scrutinizes domestic measures to determine compliance with the WTO Agreements. This scrutiny, known as the standard of review, is particularly relevant when WTO panels are examining measures involving controversial domestic policy issues. The author argues that the current WTO standard of review is inadequate and a flexible standard based on the responsibilities that WTO members have retained for themselves under the WTO Agreements is preferable. This new standard of review would better reflect the autonomy contemplated for members under the WTO rules and reduce scope for the contention that the WTO overreaching its mandate.

Table of legislation

Ross Becroft

Subjects: law - academic, international economic law, trade law

Extract

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS WTO Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization 1994 44, 205 Agreement on Agriculture 2, 155, 170, 173, 176 Art 5 133, 176–7 Art 20 176 Agreement on Customs Valuation 140, 185, 209 Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures 185 Art 2 113, 176 Arts 2-7 222 Art 2.1 175, 178 Art 2.2 174 Art 3 133, 177 Art 3.1 176 Art 4 9, 113, 133, 157, 176, 178 Art 4.1(a) 9 Art 4.2 57, 135, 183 Art 4.2(a) 9, 175 Art 4.2(b) 175 Art 5.1 175 Art 6 176 Art 7.1 174 Art 7.3 174 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing 2, 49, 155, 176 recitals 176 Art 1.1 176 Art 2.20 176–7 Art 6 133, 176–7 Art 8.10 177 Anti-Dumping Agreement 2, 31–2, 42, 43, 46–7, 61–5, 115, 123–5, 144, 154, 156, 158–69, 171–2, 175–6, 179–80, 182, 184, 206, 216, 222 Art 1 163 Art 2 163, 222 Art 2.1 160 Art 2.4 168 Art 2.4.2 93 Art 3 133, 144, 157, 167, 222 Art 3.1 160 Art 3.2 167 Art 3.4 163, 168, 171, 175 Art 4 163, 178 Art 5 157, 222 Art 5.1 163 Art 5.2 163 Art 5.8 163 Art 6 163, 222 Art 6.8 167 Art 9.3 160 Art 11.2 64 Art 17 161 Art 17.1 161 Art 17.6 2, 31, 45, 46, 59–62, 65, 70, 78, 102, 115, 123–5, 138, 147, 161–6, 168, 179–80, 182,...