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Regulating Disasters, Climate Change and Environmental Harm

Regulating Disasters, Climate Change and Environmental Harm

Lessons from the Indonesian Experience

Edited by Michael Faure and Andri Wibisana

This book deals with questions concerning the regulation of disasters, climate change and environmental harm in developing countries, focusing on the particular case of Indonesia and addressing regulatory problems from a multidisciplinary perspective.

Chapter 13: The responsibility of the customary village concerning the sustainable city forest

I Wayan Wiasta, I Wayan Gde Wiryawan, I Nyoman Edi Irawan and Dewi Bunga

Subjects: asian studies, asian law, development studies, law and development, environment, climate change, disasters, environmental law, law - academic, asian law, environmental law, law and development


The city is the centre of living for the community of a state. The city gives a great chance for anybody who expects a job, education and better place for recreation. The World Resource Institute, as quoted in Supriadi, estimates that in 2020, 60 per cent of the world’s population will live in cities.1The development of the cities has so far tended to shrink green open spaces and to eliminate the natural look of cities. Many green spaces are converted to trading areas, housing, industrial areas, transportation infrastructures (streets, bridges, bus stations) and other city facilities. By this condition, the cities will grow economically but they will decrease ecologically. However, an ecological balance is as important as economic growth. To cope with the population growth and with all its environmental problems, ecological development of cities is necessary and one of its elements is city forest development.

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