Lessons from the Indonesian Experience
Edited by Michael Faure and Andri Wibisana
Chapter 14: Revitalization of the kewang institute in the sustainable management of marine and coastal natural resources in Maluku Province
Indonesia is the largest archipelagic state in the world that consists of about 17 500 islands with an area of sea of about 5.8 million km2 and stretches along the lines of 81 000 km. Most of the islands are small islands bestowed with abundant natural resources and environmental services offering huge potentials for economic development. Unfortunately, for decades, coastal areas and their potential were rather ignored, because the orientation of development in Indonesia always put emphasis on the development of big islands, especially Java. After the reform era, since 1998, the management of coastal areas has started to be developed quite seriously. Unfortunately, the government’s attention was not accompanied by a bottom-up approach that involves a population or community living in marine and coastal areas.
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