Table of Contents

Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Law

Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Law

The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law series

Edited by Yves Le Bouthillier, Miriam Alfie Cohen, Jose Juan Gonzalez Marquez, Albert Mumma and Susan Smith

This timely book explores the complex relationship between the alleviation of poverty and the protection of the environment. There is every reason to believe that these issues are in many ways interdependent. However this book demonstrates that there are situations where alleviation of poverty and the protection of the environment appear to be in a fraught relationship. The contributing authors illustrate that the role played by law in this relationship, whether at the international or national level, will vary depending on the situation and will be more successful at pursuing environmental justice in some cases than in others.

Chapter 8: The Right of Access to Information as a Tool for Environmental Protection and Poverty Eradication in Mexico

Carla D. Aceves-Ávila

Subjects: development studies, law and development, environment, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law, human rights, law and development, politics and public policy, human rights

Extract

Carla D. Aceves-Ávila 8.1 INTRODUCTION Principle 10 of the Río Declaration states that: Environmental issues are best handled with participation of all concerned citizens at the relevant level. At the national level, each individual shall have appropriate access to information concerning the environment that is held by public authorities, including information on hazardous materials and activities in their communities, and the opportunity to participate in decision-making processes. States shall facilitate and encourage public awareness and participation by making information widely available. Effective access to judicial and administrative proceedings, including redress and remedy, shall be provided.1 The three concepts found within Principle 10, namely access to environmental information, access to decision-making processes and access to environmental justice through redress and remedy, form the basis of environmental democracy. They also constitute powerful tools for poverty eradication. Environmental resources and the services they provide are especially important for people living in poverty since a good part of this population draws much of their livelihoods from forests, pastures, fisheries or farming. Thus, their economy as well as their quality of life is strongly linked to environmental goods and services. Also, they tend to reside in areas with stressed or low quality environmental resources such as sloped areas with greater risk of landslides, dry rivers or rivers which when flooded represent a greater hazard, and polluted areas where sectors of the population with more decisionmaking power as well as higher incomes would never choose to live. Therefore, the improvement of low quality environmental...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information