Studies on the Social Dimensions of Industrial Ecology series
Edited by Pauline Deutz, Donald I. Lyons and Jun Bi
Chapter 11: Intersection of industrial symbiosis and product-based industrial ecologies: considerations from the Japanese home appliance industry
Korhonen (2002) described industrial symbiosis (IS) and product-based (PB) approaches as the two paths of industrial ecology (IE). As these approaches have been investigated distinctly, this chapter explores the linkages. Investigations of IS have examined enhanced material and energy, and information, flows afforded by colocation or some degree of geographical proximity of diverse industrial activities. Understanding IS began with Kalundborg (Ehrenfeld and Chertow, 2002; Symbiosis Institute, 2007), and advanced with investigation of other unplanned sites and eco-industrial parks (Chertow, 1999; Van Leeuwen et al., 2003; Gibbs et al., 2005; Hewes and Lyons, 2008; Shi et al., 2010). Although a generalised understanding is established (Deutz and Gibbs, 2008), considerable debate focuses on geographical boundaries and how connectivity and transactions evolve. IS has been extended from local to regional to deal with mismatches between quality and quantities of material and energy flows (Sterr and Ott, 2004; Lyons, 2007; Deutz and Gibbs, 2008), and others have broadened the analysis to agglomeration economies with their diversity of industries, firms, infrastructure and other external economies (Ashton, 2008; Chertow et al., 2008; Deutz and Gibbs, 2008).
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