Patterns in Social Entrepreneurship Research

Patterns in Social Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Jill Kickul and Sophie Bacq

The contributors expertly focus on the individual, organizational and institutional levels of social entrepreneurship. They address the role of personal values and leadership in the conduct of social entrepreneurial initiatives while stressing the importance of stakeholders in relation to human resource management, innovation or opportunity discovery. Finally, they analyze the role of institutions in legitimating social entrepreneurs' actions.


Jill Kickul and Sophie Bacq

Subjects: business and management, social entrepreneurship, development studies, social entrepreneurship, politics and public policy, social entrepreneurship


The future of social entrepreneurship abounds with possibilities to effectively address and potentially solve some of society’s most intractable problems resulting from market or government inadequacies and failures. Whether these problems are found in the health-care, education, energy, housing or other sectors, it will be current and future social entrepreneurs who rise to the challenge and use their abilities to recognize opportunities and mobilize others to take collective action. Because social entrepreneurs often operate in resource-constrained environments, they are usually compelled to use creative approaches to attract and apply those resources in novel ways to the challenges they face. Moreover, it is often the social entrepreneur who encourages a heightened sense of accountability in the individuals and communities they serve, as well as instigating the outcomes and impact that are created (Dees and Anderson, 2003). While social entrepreneurship as a field of study is relatively new, much has already been written on the subject (see Dees et al., 2001; Mair and Noboa, 2006; Nicholls, 2008; Light, 2009, to name but a few). This is a direct reflection of the excitement it generates and the promise it is perceived to hold. Social entrepreneurs have captured our collective imagination with remarkable stories of their social innovations. These stories are uplifting and inspiring.