Patterns in Social Entrepreneurship Research

Patterns in Social Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Jill Kickul and Sophie Bacq

The contributors expertly focus on the individual, organizational and institutional levels of social entrepreneurship. They address the role of personal values and leadership in the conduct of social entrepreneurial initiatives while stressing the importance of stakeholders in relation to human resource management, innovation or opportunity discovery. Finally, they analyze the role of institutions in legitimating social entrepreneurs' actions.

Chapter 6: Sustaining the stakeholder engagement in the social enterprise: the human resource architecture

Rita Bissola and Barbara Imperatori

Subjects: business and management, social entrepreneurship, development studies, social entrepreneurship, politics and public policy, social entrepreneurship

Extract

In many approaches to social enterprise, research focuses on strategic and entrepreneurial issues. We turn the tables and we adopt the organizational theory perspective to suggest the design and the implementation of the human resource management (HRM) practices to engage the different types of stakeholders in the social enterprise domain. Combining the stakeholder relationship approach and the social exchange theory, we propose a stakeholder configuration model for the social enterprise domain. Our discussion enables us to identify four different kinds of organization–stakeholder relationships, characterized by different types of stakeholder engagement; the first three kinds refer to the links with the actual stakeholders; the last one is about the possible future stakeholder liaisons. Each kind of relationship advocates a specific bundle of HRM practices to sustain the specific engagement types. An exemplary case study gives preliminary confirmation to, and explains, our theoretical model. The research is based on the study of an emblematic Italian social enterprise, the Cometa Foundation, operating in the area of care, support and education of disadvantaged children and young people. Cometa is well known in Italy as one of the emerging and most successful organizations in the field and it is receiving more and more attention from public opinion and government.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information